Same worries, different angles.

Many things unite the Finns. National characteristics such as ‘sisu’ – resilience and perseverance – and diligence are the ones most often mentioned. Other aspects seen as important are language and culture, patriotism and a shared history.

There is a strong national spirit which unites the majority of citizens regardless of age, orientation of values or political stance. About eighty percent perceive patriotism as positive rather than negative and esteem a spirit of national defence. Even those with a strong European and cosmopolitan identity hold a positive attitude towards patriotism.

The factor that Finns most frequently mention as a dividing issue is the increasing inequality. Next come differences in values and attitudes on a general level and particularly in politics, and immigration and refugee issues are in the fourth place.

Finns are quite unanimous about statuses related to working life. The unemployed and temporarily employed are perceived to have the least favourable position on the job market. 84 percent of Finns appraise that the situation of temporarily employed is inferior, and 72 percent think the same about the unemployed. The vulnerable position of farmers is also recognized.

A clear majority would not want to speed up the urbanization process (76 %) and prefer nature to an urban environment (65 %). Slightly less than half (47 %) believe that creativity and innovation thrive best in cities, whereas 43 percent hold the opposite view. Every fourth Finn could be characterized as very or somewhat urban-minded.

Immigration arouses differences of opinion, although clear majority (63 %) holds that being Finnish is not a question of ethnicity. A third think contrarily. The difference in opinion also reflects on the attitude to asylum seekers: 43 percent appraise that the circumstances of asylum seekers need improvement, whereas 32 percent take the opposite view. Moreover, every fifth thinks that specifically the native Finns presently have poor conditions. In these matters there is a big gap between value liberals and conservatives. On the level of political parties, the widest contrasts of opinion are found between the True Finns on one hand and the Green League and the Left Alliance on the other.

Finns are fairly dissatisfied with politics, media and researchers. Almost every other (47 %) believes that media give one-sided information. In addition, more than half or the respondents (57 %) feel that media exaggerate differences in opinion among the Finns. The motives of researchers are distrusted, too. A majority (57 %) thinks that many researchers publicly pursue biased private goals. Only one out of four holds the opposite view.

Attitudes toward culture divide Finns in the middle. Nearly half the population (49 %) holds the view that the elite benefits more from support to culture than ordinary people do, whereas 47 percent disagree. Furthermore, 49 percent estimate that politics rarely achieve anything worthwhile. Especially those with conservative values feel that media and researchers are biased and that culture is orchestrated by the elite, but also some people with liberal values share this perception.